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Architectural limestone quarrying in Québec


The first industrial limestone exploitation started on the Île de Montréal at the beginning of the XIX century. Local stone was firstly used for production of cut stone to ensure the development of the city. The development axis has then moved to less populated areas, particularly on Île Jésus (Laval) and in the urban suburbs.

However, limestone strata in the Montréal area were not thick enough to provide sufficient large blocks, which favoured the development of the rich deposits of Saint-Marc-des-Carrières, where the first extraction work began in 1835. Since then, these deposits, which are renowned for their great quality, have become the main source for architectural limestone in Québec.

Architectural limestone has also been exploited in several other areas, such as:

  • Hull–Aylmer
  • Saint-Dominique
  • Roberval
  • Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu

In Québec, exploitation work on limestone for architectural purpose has been recorded in the following 44 areas, which are classified in alphabetic order of location regardless of the importance of the extracted stone volume. To obtain more geological and factual data, click on the corresponding link for each location.

Limestone quarried for architectural purpose

Location
Uses
Stratigraphic units
(Group; Formation)
Baie-Saint-Paul Cut stone, landscaping stone Trenton; Neuville
Black Cape Cut stone, landscaping stone Chaleurs; La Vieille
Causapscal Landscaping stone Gaspé Limestones; Bon Ami Cape
Charlesbourg Landscaping stone Trenton; Neuville
Château-Richer Landscaping stone Trenton; Neuville
Chicoutimi-Nord Cut stone, lansdcaping stone Trenton; Simard
Compton County Landscaping stone Saint-Francis; Ayer's Cliff
Dudswell - Bishopton Landscaping stone Saint-Francis; Ayer's Cliff
Georgeville Landscaping stone Glenbrooke; Sargent Bay
Giffard - Beauport Landscaping stone Trenton; Neuville
Girard Cut stone, landscaping stone Chazy; Laval
Grande-Ligne Cut stone, landscaping stone Chazy; Laval
Grenville Landscaping stone Chazy; Sainte-Thérèse (member)
Hull - Aylmer Cut stone, landscaping stone Trenton; Hull
Île Bizard Cut stone, landscaping stone Chazy; Laval
Joliette - Sainte-Élisabeth Cut stone, landscaping stone Trenton; Deschambault
Kahnawake Cut stone, landscaping stone Chazy; Laval
La Malbaie Landscaping stone Black River; Cap-à-l'Aigle
Laval Dimension block, cut stone, landscaping stone Chazy; Laval
Métabetchouan Cut stone, landscaping stone Trenton; Simard
Millstream Landscaping stone Fortin
Montréal Cut stone, landscaping stone Trenton; Montréal, Deschambault and Mile End
Napierville Cut stone, landscaping stone Beekmantown; Beauharnois
Neuville Cut stone, landscaping stone Trenton; Deschambault
North Hatley - Ayer's Cliff Landscaping stone Saint-Francis; Ayer's Cliff
Oliver Corner Landscaping stone Glenbrooke; Sargent Bay
Pont-Rouge Cut stone, landscaping stone Trenton; Deschambault
Roberval - Chambord Dimension block, cut stone, landscaping stone Trenton; Galets and Tremblay
Saint-Alexis Cut stone, landscaping stone Trenton; Deschambault
Saint-Barthélemy Cut stone, landscaping stone Trenton; Tétreauville
Saint-Cuthbert Cut stone, landscaping stone Trenton; Deschambault
Saint-Dominique Cut stone, landscaping stone Chazy; Saint-Dominique
Sainte-Thérèse Cut stone, landscaping stone Chazy; Laval
Saint-Honoré Cut stone, landscaping stone Trenton; Simard
Saint-Isidore-Jonction Cut stone, landscaping stone Chazy; Laval
Saint-Jacques-le-Mineur Cut stone, landscaping stone Chazy; Laval
Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu Landscaping stone Trenton; Montréal
Saint-Joachim Cut stone, landscaping stone Trenton; Utica
Saint-Justin Cut stone, landscaping stone Trenton; Tétreauville
Saint-Marc-des-Carrières Dimension block, cut stone, landscaping stone Trenton; Deschambault
Saint-Thomas Landscaping stone Trenton; Deschambault
Saint-Valentin Cut stone, landscaping stone Chazy; Laval
Sayabec Cut stone, landscaping stone Mont Wissick; Sayabec
Trois-Rivières Landscaping stone Trenton; Neuville

Descriptive fact sheets for architectural limestone quarries in Québec (available in French)

 

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